Periodontitis occurs when the wisdom teeth do not have enough room to erupt through the gums. Consequently, they may only partially come through the gum, which may lead to inflammation and infection of the soft tissue around the wisdom tooth.
If wisdom teeth only partially erupt, gum flaps may develop. These flaps are areas where food can become trapped, and bacteria can build up, causing infection.
Chronic symptoms include:
- dull pain;
- mild discomfort;
- bad taste in the mouth; and,
- swollen gums in the affected area.
Chronic symptoms often only last for one to two days but keep recurring over a period of months. Acute symptoms usually last three to four days and can include:
- severe pain;
- discharge of pus;
- pain when swallowing;
- swollen lymph nodes; and,
There are also some common causes and conditions associated with periodontitis:
- poor oral hygiene;
- pregnancy; and,
- upper respiratory tract infection.
Once a dentist has diagnosed periodontitis, they will design a treatment plan for the individual. It can be difficult to treat because if there is a gum flap, then the problem will not go away completely until the tooth fully erupts, or the tooth or tissue is removed.
In many cases, the dentist may recommend removing the tooth, especially if it is a recurring problem.
It is vitally important that symptoms of periodontitis are treated swiftly to keep the infection from spreading and to lessen the risks of complications. Anyone experiencing symptoms of periodontitis should contact their dentist as soon as possible.